E. Yu. Efimova, A. I. Krayushkin, Yu. V. Efimov, A. V. Mashkov
Волгоградский государственный медицинский университет, кафедры анатомии человека; хирургической стоматологии и челюстно-лицевой хирургии
The morphometric parameters of the maxillary basal arches width in the structure of the craniofacial complex were studied. The work was performed on 75 preparations of the female skulls of the first and second periods of mature age with physiological occlusion of the teeth. As a result of the study, the range of the minimum and maximum limits of the maxillary basal arch width and the linear parameters of the mesocranial, brachicranial and dolichuranial skull types was established. It was revealed that the upper height of the face large the index of the basal arches width at all measurement levels in mesocranial and dolichocanial skull preparations (p < 0,001). The basal arches widths large then the height of the tooth-alveolar part of the upper jaw at all levels of measurement (p <0,001), as well as the height of the intergnathic part at the level of premolars and molars (p < 0,001).
upper jaw, craniofacial complex, width of basal arches, craniotype, morphometry